The Story of an Influential AIDS Doctor Working in the Deep South

Term Definition ACE inhibitor Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. They didn’t live together, but spent up to five nights a week together. In Charleston, tourists, like fireflies at night, has descended on the Holy City for the start of the sixth annual Spoleto Festival of the Arts. The first sign of shingles is contagious. Just a thought? But many poly people from working classes are extremely conscious of this fact, and it’s important to recognize that the cost of getting an STI (curable or not) despite your best efforts to protect yourself is far higher for someone without insurance who must pay for medications out of pocket. and then along came Buddy’s Oil.

But the thing to keep in mind is that those worst-case scenarios are almost always completely and easily treatable. Most people experience their first symptoms — usually blurred or double vision, color distortion, or blindness in one eye — between the ages of 20 and 40. Ball had grown accustomed to such pleas for help, doctors referring strange cases of tropical diseases to him for care. I can barely walk and am in excrusiating pain but could deal with it if I know that this is directly related to my disease and after a couple more days the valaclovir is going to work. The physician on the other end of the phone line had admitted his patient to St. Francis Xavier Hospital for observation. He was at a loss to determine what ailed the young white man.

Alzheimer’s disease A progressive deterioration of the brain resulting in impaired cognition and ability to perform daily activities. Ball promised to see the patient that day. It was a short drive from his office to the hospital, which had been founded by the Sisters of Charity of Our Lady of Mercy in 1882. Since it’s viral reproductive cancers where as about 25% of adults in the U. Ball walked into the private hospital room, he saw a patient who looked to be in his late teens or early twenties. For one of my partners, lack of insurance means he actively limits his partners to 2-3 more fidelitous partners, along with taking active steps to protect himself each time (aka no fluid bonding, less unprotected oral). I love you Buddy’s oil!!!!

Rest assured that no matter what it is, we’ve seen it before, and we can treat it. Herpes-like lesions covered his genitals and perineum, the area between his scrotum and anus. On close examination, Ball also noticed that the man had thrush, a yeast infection of the mouth that doctors would later associate closely with being HIV positive. This has been going on for two months now. Ball determined, the patient didn’t have the pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) or the cancers that physicians had quickly discovered were common among people with AIDS. Of more immediate concern was his extremely low white blood cell count. “There were a number of other lab abnormalities that indicated a systemic infection that was probably viral,” Dr.

Adverse effects of these drugs include dry mouth, constipation, difficulty urinating, confusion, worsening of glaucoma, blurred vision, and short-term memory problems. In addition to his private practice, Dr. Ball also taught at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), his alma mater, and knew the lab staff of the huge facility. A candida overgrowth of the methods to prevent the spread for any increased in genitals as well at the said virus. When the patient’s MUSC lab tests came back a week later, they showed an extremely low number of what are now called CD4 lymphocytes. Back then they were called OKT3 lymphocytes. Having low CD4 cell numbers increases the risk of opportunistic infections, leaving an individual as vulnerable as a battleship floating on the high seas without guns.

Simple pneumonia could be as lethal as the bubonic plague. Troubled by the initial test results, Dr. Ball ordered more tests. The sores caused by genital herpes generally do not leave scars. Little did he know that fateful doctor-patient encounter in St. Francis Hospital on that spring day would turn his comfortable, white, middle-class world upside down, change the course of his professional and personal life, and shake long-held political and spiritual beliefs, transforming him from a white southern Barry Goldwater conservative to that rarest of species, a white southern progressive. Robert Ball’s links to Charleston and the Low Country are as deep and as storied as the region itself.

Antitubercular A drug used to treat tuberculosis (TB). The pages of the telephone book are peppered with Balls. He served as president of the Society of First Families of South Carolina, a genealogical organization that documents and celebrates the history of the earliest colonial settlers. Young Robert grew up in the West Ashley section of Charleston. He played football in high school but was never great at it. His passion was books. He spent hours locked away in his bedroom devouring science books.

After high school, unlike many South Carolina blue bloods, he didn’t head west for the University of South Carolina in Columbia or even Clemson upstate. Robert remained closer to home. He drove less than half an hour to the College of Charleston, where he studied biology and chemistry. To no one’s surprise, he wanted to be a doctor. Little did he know that fateful doctor-patient encounter in St. Francis Hospital on that spring day would turn his comfortable, white, middle-class world upside down. In college, Robert, an avid boater, helped form the school’s first sailing team.

Benzodiazepines A family of drugs that are prescribed for nervousness and sleeping problems and to relax muscles and control seizures. His old college yearbooks showed that Robert also was involved with at least four campus organizations each year. He led a Charleston chapter of the John Birch Society, a group that was founded in 1958 by former candy industry executive Robert Welsh, who spouted an ultraconservative brand of pseudo-Christian anticommunism, nationalism, and antiglobalism. John Birch Society members called for the repeal of the federal income tax on constitutional grounds, sought the abolition of the Federal Reserve and the United Nations, and viewed the civil rights movement as the vanguard of a communist plot. In 1964, like most other John Birch Society members, Ball supported Barry Goldwater. The conservative Arizona senator had lost to Nixon in the 1960 Republican primaries but prevailed against moderates Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller of New York and Governor William Scranton of Pennsylvania before being trounced by the incumbent president, Lyndon Johnson, in 1964.

Two years later, after he graduated from the College of Charleston, Ball followed a path he seemed genetically bred to pursue. He drove across town and enrolled at what was then the Medical College of South Carolina, an institution whose desks, chairs, and labs were stained with the sweat of his forebears. Ball is descended from a line of physicians seven generations deep. His great-grandfather was a doctor; a number of great-uncles were too. One uncle was a physician; another, Benjamin M. Martin, was chief radiology technician at MUSC for over two decades. Both grandfathers were doctors, and his paternal grandfather, Dr.

It provides an estimate of how much bone is present and is one of several factors that affect the tendency of bones to break. His maternal grandfather, Dr. Thomas Hutson Martin, graduated from the College of Medicine in 1919 at age 19 before launching a long and distinguished career as a physician and surgeon in Charleston. Dr. Martin was a longtime member of the Charleston County Board of Health and an assistant professor of surgery at the medical school. He retired from practicing medicine in 1951. Later, Ball would donate Dr.

Martin’s class ring to the medical school’s Waring Historical Library. The oldest medical school in the Deep South, the Medical College of South Carolina was founded in 1824 and kept its name largely intact for 145 years. But by the time Ball donned his cap and gown to accept his medical degree in 1970, the college had been renamed the Medical University of South Carolina. He helped put himself through medical school by working days as an anatomy instructor and nights in the MUSC microbiology lab. For his medical internship, he drove 470 miles west on Interstate 20 to the University of Alabama-Birmingham, which was located in a city that had come to symbolize southern white resistance to the struggle for black civil rights. But less known at the time was that its hospital was a vital training ground for infectious disease specialists. Later it would be home to several pioneers in the fight against HIV and AIDS.

Cholesterol-lowering drug A drug that works—by various mechanisms including blocking cholesterol synthesis and increasing cholesterol breakdown—to lower blood cholesterol levels. Wallace was still a rabid segregationist who opposed equal rights for people of color. The young Ball admired Wallace’s uncompromising segregationist anti-civil rights platform. That was before his epiphany; that was before AIDS, before he saw firsthand the machinery of white privilege and southern prejudice, once reserved exclusively for people of color, unleashed on white gay men with a deadly, demoralizing new sickness. Wallace and his politics of derision appealed to Ball at his deepest core. On holidays he drove east to Charleston, proudly showing off the Wallace bumper stickers on his car. Those stickers multiplied as Wallace ran again for the presidency in 1972 after his failed bid in 1968.

Parents, classmates, and friends weren’t surprised by Ball’s affinity for Goldwater and Wallace. Like most well-off southern white men, Ball grew up in a very politically conservative family, even though their hometown, Charleston, was becoming increasingly liberal. His family was Republican, the kind who scoffed at northeastern Republican moderates. Ball, still a fervent anticommunist, spent years licking his wounds after Senator Goldwater’s 1964 defeat at the hands of LBJ. Ball spent his two-year tour of duty working as medical director of the emergency department at the massive William Beaumont Army Medical Center complex in El Paso, Texas, which serves neighboring Fort Bliss. By the time he was honorably discharged in 1973, the end was in sight for the U.S. military involvement in Vietnam, but the country had just begun a spiral toward another prolonged political crisis — Watergate.

CAM includes homeopathy, acupuncture, massage, chiropractic, dietary supplements (including botanicals), meditation, and prayer. Ball was hardwired not just to study medicine but also to hunt infectious diseases, just like his paternal grandfather, Dr. Ball, who in the early 1900s taught dermatology and tropical diseases. Graveyards in the South are filled with children and young people victimized by smallpox, yellow fever, and cholera. Sexually transmitted diseases, especially syphilis and gonorrhea, ran rampant through the poor sectors, especially the black population. While he was serving in the army, Ball contracted viral meningitis, a relatively common but rarely serious infection of the fluid in the spinal cord and surrounding the brain. Viral meningitis and other infectious diseases fascinated Ball.

After he was discharged from the military, he hoped to pursue a specialty that offered the daily challenge of trying to cure people with the new and exciting antibiotics being introduced daily rather than deal with terminal conditions like cancer. But the good Lord had other ideas. His long journey to becoming a physician complete, Ball opened a private practice in the West Ashley section of Charleston in 1977. Jimmy Carter had been elected to the White House a year earlier. America was still struggling to rediscover its self-confidence. While he built his fledgling practice, Ball taught part time at MUSC, honoring his family legacy. While Dr.

Depression, endogenous Serious depression not precipitated by outside factors, such as death of spouse, job loss, etc. It’s unlikely that their paths ever crossed, but fate conspired to ensure that AIDS, the disease that dominated Dr. Ball’s private and public medical career, would also shape the life and cause the early death of Annie Mae’s youngest daughter, Carolyn.