Molecular Mechanism of HSV Entry and Spread

Goss, J. The interferon (IFN)-driven antiviral response is critical for the control of HSV-1 acute replication. Although the entire sequence of the laboratory-adapted AD169 strain of HCMV has been available for 18 years, the precise number of viral genes is still in question. Each vector system has its own particular advantages and disadvantages that will suit it to a specific therapeutic application. Efforts in this area are certain to accelerate the discovery of the unique molecular strategies utilized by the virus to commandeer the cell as well as mechanisms of host defense. Unfortunately, CMVs impede the IFN system by interfering with its induction, signaling and downstream effector functions. It is not clear how the receptor binding triggers the sequence of events that result in fusion.

H. The Plasmodium parasite carries out an intricate life cycle with obligatory developmental stages in the mammalian hepatocytes and erythrocytes, as well as within the mosquito vector. Structural features of heparan sulfate (HS). Nine human herpesviruses (HHVs) exist, possessing genomes of ~125–230 kb in length. Moreover, the findings have implications for our understanding of the contribution of hIL-6 to the pathogenesis of other inflammatory disorders and tumors in which this cytokine is abundant. While some aspects of the cellular DNA damage machinery are activated and exploited by viruses, there is also systematic dismantling of other parts of the cellular signaling network. In this study, we showed that HSV-1 infection induces the rearrangement of the cytoskeleton as well as the initial inactivation and subsequent activation of cofilin.