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Canine herpesvirus

The whole of the literary matter of the NZVA Companion Animal Society Newsletter is copyright Companion Animal Society of the New Zealand Veterinary Association, Downloading this article signifies agreement with the terms and conditions of electronic access. All pups were left suckling the bitch. Blood samples were collected from healthy bitches (n = 193) not vaccinated against CHV1, aged one year or older and admitted for estrus control to the Canine Reproductive Clinical Unit, Norwegian School of Veterinary Science. Kriscot’s Cool Jazz Finverra, ‘Louie’. dysgalactiae subsp. The virus replicates in the surface cells of the nasal mucosa, tonsils, and pharynx. Low body temperature allows the virus to spread and infect the rest of the body.

The whole of the literary matter of the New Zealand Veterinary Journal is copyright Taylor and Francis, Downloading this article signifies agreement with the terms and conditions of electronic access. Further, there was no difference in seroprevalence between bitches that had been abroad for a period of time and dogs only living within a Norwegian environment. His practice had grown from a two-vet operation to a large, 24 hour Emergency Vet care facility with six vets and many more interns. Postmortem examination showed irregular consolidation areas in the cranioventral region of the lungs and congestion in most of the internal organs. There is a high mortality rate, approaching 80 percent in puppies less than one week old, and death usually occurs in one to two days. In puppies three to five weeks old, the disease is less severe due to their ability to properly maintain body temperature and mount a febrile response. More puppies survive, but they can develop a latent infection.


ference in seroprevalence between bitches that had been abroad for a period of time and dogs only living within a Norwegian environment. My other bitch Kelly, CH. Biochemical characterization was achieved using the commercial Rapid ID32 Strep and API 20 Strep systems (bioMérieux España s.a.) according to the manufacturer’s instructions. In adult dogs, the virus infects the reproductive tract, which allows it to be sexually transmitted or passed to puppies during birth. The disease can cause abortion, stillbirths, and infertility. It is also an infrequent cause of kennel cough. Like other types of herpesvirus, previously infected dogs can from time to time release the virus in vaginal secretions, penile secretions, and discharge from the nose.

She kept the box and babies spotlessly clean. All isolates displayed identical biochemical profiles (numerical code, 15112061110) with the Rapid ID 32 Strep commercial system that corresponds to a doubtful identification of Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. Serology can show what dogs have been exposed (although not all of them will be releasing the virus at that time). Serological studies of various dog populations have revealed a seroprevalence of 40 to 93 percent. Bitches who have a negative serology for CHV should be isolated from other dogs from three weeks before to three weeks after giving birth. Bitches that have lost puppies to the disease may have future litters that survive due to transfer of antibodies in the milk. The pups were nearly 2 1/2 weeks old.

Molecular phylogenetic characterization of the clinical isolates was performed by sequencing fragments of the 16S rRNA gene of each isolate as described previously (6). Treatment of affected puppies is difficult, although injecting antibodies to CHV into the abdomen may help some to survive. Keeping the puppies warm is also important. The virus does not survive well outside of the body and is easily destroyed by most detergents. A vaccine in Europe known as Eurican Herpes 205 (ATCvet code: QI07AA06) has been available since 2003. I rubbed his tummy gently and gave him a few drops of diluted Malox. dysgalactiae (NCTC 4335) and Streptococcus equi (ATCC 33398T) were carried out according to the method of De Ley et al.

Its use as a vector in bait-delivered oral vaccines in wild foxes is also being investigated.